Copper, selenium and magnesium are vital to a cows health. Copper is stored in the liver but selenium and magnesium have no storage mechanisms in the body. PP+ is an inclusive package which includes 5 liver biopsies, and 8 bloods, ideally from a mix of different aged animals and body condition animals, so we get an idea of the mineral status of the herd at this time. Additional tests can be added including; calcium, B-OH (as measurement of ketosis), GGT (measurement of liver function), and phosphorus. The majority of herds tested are found to be deficient, or below the optimal for at least one of the minerals. It is a relatively quick procedure and can be done alongside a disbudding or metrichecking visit. If you would like to arrange a sampling please give the clinic a call.